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Relais L' Incanto di Fiesole (Firenze)


Art Cities >> FLORENCE
 
Elegant and luminous, Florence is located along the river Arno, between rolling hills. Unique in the world for its majestic buildings and the refined elegance of its centre, the city of Florence preserves completely intact the harmonious grace of the works of the Renaissance masters. The inhabitants are enterprising and introvert, but love practical jokes and are proud of their past and their town. The most important artists who reached the highest peaks of Art came from the Florentine hamlets, from the swarming local markets and from the artisans' workshops. Obviously it is impossible to describe all the immense artistic, historical and architectural heritage of Florence, but we will try to give you hint for the next time that you will visit the city. Discovering the city
First Itinerary:

Piazza del Duomo, San Lorenzo e Cappelle Medicee

Second Itinerary:
Via de’ Calzaioli, Museo del Bargello, Piazza della Signoria, Palazzo Vecchio, Ponte Vecchio, Galleria degli Uffizi
The most beautiful churches in Florence
The Palaces of Florence
Events in Florence
Gastronomy

travel Florence,vacation rentals Florence villas,hotels, bed & breakfast Florence accommodation SOME HISTORY....
T
he origins of the city is uncertain, but presumably the first human settlements date from the 10th century B. C., when some Italic populations settled down in the plain around the river Arno. At the end of the 8th century they disappeared, probably due to the arrival of the Etruscans who lived around the hills of Fiesole, controlling the Mugnone valley. Between the 3rd and the 2nd century B.C. the Romans conquered the Florentine territory by using the fortified centre of Fiesole and other Etruscan settlements.
In the 1st century B.C. Cesar's soldiers founded Florentia, which became an important commercial and military hub, thanks to its central location which made it a crossroad of great strategic importance. In this period Florence was embellished with imperial monuments and the chess-shaped streets were planned as we still today can see in the heart of the ancient part of Florence, around Piazza della Repubblica.
With the decline of the Roman Empire and the arrival of the Barbarians, Florentia, as many other Italian cities, was invaded and sacked, suffered from epidemics and famine and was so depopulated that the Byzantines degraded it to a sort of entrenched military zone. Only with the arrival of the Longobards who transferred the Marca from Lucca to Florence, the city experienced an economical and commercial upswing, a flourishing period which would last for a long time.
From the High Middle Ages, Florence's fast economical and commercial upswing also meant a military superiority, which after bloody battles, ended up in a political supremacy in Tuscany. The continuos wars against the other Tuscan cities only consolidated the Florentine wealth, thanks to the artisan manufacturing, the founding of the corporations and the financial power of the banks. The rivalry between the Gulphs and the Ghibellines, an emblematic sign of the hostility which has always characterised the city, ended up with the victory of the Guelphs when Matilde di Canossa decided to support Pope Gregorius VII, instead of Arrigo IV, for the Papal throne. Consolidated the power of the Guelph faction, the Florentine Republic was founded which let the consoles together with a citizen council and a Parliament govern the city, one of the first examples of civil and democratic institutions in Europe.
During the Middle Ages Florence was marked by the bloody fights between the pro-papal Guelphs and the pro-imperial Ghibellines. In this period the city managed to conquer the whole territory of Tuscany, dominating Arezzo, Lucca, Pistoia, Siena, Poggibonsi and Volterra.
In the 14th century the Florentine power was reduced by Lucca at Altopascio and by Pisa at the battle of Montecatini, but during the following century the supremacy of Florence reached its highest peak, thanks to the arrival and consolidation of a new governing class.
The 15th century is the century of the Medici family, who came from the Florentine banking system which had managed to give wealth to the city. Under the Medici family Florence became the world's art capital. Art, sculpture, literature and music flourished and the city played an important role as a cultural guide which nobody has been able to take away.
After the death of the last member of the Medici family, Florence passed to the Lorena family, a Napoleon parenthesis and the incorporation to the Kingdom of Italy.
Florence has been stroke several times by the violence in recent times: the bombings during the last world war did not spare the old part of the city, and in 1966 a terrible coincidence of bad luck and irresponsibility provoked a devastating flood of the river Arno, which inundated the city causing inestimable damages of the artistic and historical heritage.
In 1993 a TNT bomb planted by the Italian mafia exploded destroying the Torre del Pulci, the seat of the Accademia dei Georgofili, damaging the nearby the Uffizi Gallery. Florence has been hit hard and frequently, but nobody has managed to submit the city, not even to discourage the Florentines which with the hard work rolled up their sleeves without hesitating in order to restore the splendour that with violence of the evil enemy of beauty and art had tried to delete.

 























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