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Art Cities >> GROSSETO
 
Grosseto, an important agricultural and industrial centre, is the main town in the Maremma, which features beautiful natural sites both in the mountain and along the coastline. The history of this region is characterised by flourishing periods and declines, due to the depopulation of the marshy districts infested by malaria.
Discovering the Cities
Churches and palaces
Visiting the museums
 
SOME HISTORY....
The plain land where Grosseto today lies was originally covered with water and was later transformed into a big lake basin. The swampy nature of the territory has determined the history of the Cities, which was first an Etruscan and then a Roman settlement, which the archaeological sites on the hills testify. During the Early Middle Ages, Grosseto was one of the many feuds of the important Aldobrandeschi family and thanks to the presence of salt deposits, Grosseto experienced a period of great prosperity. Around 1240, the emperor Fredric II occupied the Cities and gave it a new strategic and political importance.In 1337 Grosseto surrendered to Siena which had never stopped its expansionistic policies and took advantage of the destabilisation in the region due to the Barbarian incursions. The 14th century was a bad century for Grosseto as it turned into a malaria infested marsh after a flood. In 1348 the situation became even more critical due to a pest epidemic. In the 16th century, Grosseto became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, after the Florentines had defeated Siena. The Medici family began to restore and to transform the Cities, fortifying the walls and carried out actions to encourage people to move out to the countryside. The work of the Medici family continued and was intensified by their successors, the Lorena family. The 11th of March 1860, Grosseto said yes to be part of the Kingdom of Italy. During the fascism the reclamation was once again intensified, but the malaria was eradicated only in 1944, when the Americans introduced the use of the DDT, a potent chemical insecticide able to eradicate the mortal mosquito.
 























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