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Art Cities >> LUCCA
 
SOME HISTORY....
Surrounded by imposing walls, Lucca has Etruscan origins, even though the most important remains go back to the Roman period. The Longobard chose the Cities to be the capital of Tuscia. The most important religious buildings were built during this period and laid the ground for the performance of the Cities, which became a free Comune (Municipality) in 1162. Lucca became a flourishing commercial state in the 13th century and reached its major prosperity under the leadership of Castruccio Castracani degli Antelminelli. Interested in defending its precious freedom, Lucca raised the third boundary wall at the end of the 16th century. These Cities walls are still today intact. After a short period under Napoleon, the Cities became a Bourbon Duchy under Maria Luisa di Bourbone - Parma, and then incorporated into Tuscany.
Discovering the Cities
Roman and medieval Lucca
LOCAL EVENTS
The most important event is without any doubt the Volto Santo, , which is celebrated the 13th of September every year with a procession from the Chiesa di San Frediano to Piazza San Martino. Lucca is also famous for the Palio della Balestra (the Crossbow Contest). The national contest is held every 5th year, and the local contest twice a year. The Palio in July is dedicated to San Paolino, while the Palio in September is dedicated to Santa Croce. Even in this occasion there is a parade in traditional costume along the streets of the Cities and after the parade it is time for the contest. The participants should hit the target (called "corniolo" or the "tasso") at a distance of 40 m with the bow. The traditional events are a good occasion to taste some local specialities, like the famous soups called "infarinata" and "cipollata", the great cooked meat and the pastries such as the "buccellata" and a delicious bun which for these special occasions is big, even as big as a wagon wheel.
 























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